Duke University, based in Durham, North Carolina in the United States, is a top-ten research university with 40,000 employees and some 15,200 students. Duke regularly ranks in the top 25 in the international rankings of global universities, particularly regarded for its strengths in medicine, global health, public policy, economics, biology, biomedical engineering, and environmental policy.
Outside of the United States, India has the largest presence of the Duke community, with over 60 faculty across 30 research projects and activities, 500 student projects and internships, and 692 alumni. A substantial portion of this work occurs in the health sector, including efforts focused on health policy and financing, innovation and scaling impact, health and the environment, and generating stronger evidence to strengthen quality of health services and technologies.
In order to support Duke’s growing collaborations in India, including dozens of partnerships with the public and private sector across almost all states in India, and engagement with a strong alumni community, Duke University established the Duke in India Office in Bangalore in May 2017. The office aims to coordinate Duke research, student engagement, and alumni efforts and to assist in establishing partnerships with universities, NGOs, and agencies on the ground.
Health Conference: Innovation, Policy and Research
From the announcement of a new National Health Protection Scheme, to increasing emphasis on health and wellness, and a burgeoning private sector, India is at a crossroads in determining the structure and sustainability of its health system, at national, state, and local levels. Recognizing the growing importance of health policy, financing, and innovation in India to meet the health needs of the population in a sustainable way, as well as Duke University’s deep connections across the health sector in India, Duke University India will hold a multi-day inaugural conference in December 2018 focused on Health Innovation, Policy, and Research.
This event will convene and engage local partners, national and state-level policymakers, international research and development organizations, health researchers and academics, national and global healthcare corporations, investors, and homegrown health entrepreneurs.
This two-day event will bring together key local and global stakeholders to discuss emerging health priorities in India, highlight innovative approaches to developing and implementing evidence to improve health policy and practice, and facilitate collaborations among diverse stakeholders from the public and private sectors. Leading Duke University faculty will participate along with local and global leaders across the healthsector.
Health conference will focus on several key themes, including:
Health policy and regulation. The conference will explore approaches to advancing universal health care (UHC) and other health financing topics at the national and statelevels; the opportunity for value-based care delivery and payment reforms; regulatory and policy perspective on health innovation; and public-private partnerships in health care products, services, technology and delivery.
Participants will include Gavin Yamey, director of the Center for Policy Impact in Global Health, and Mark McClellan, director of the Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy.
Scaling innovative health care services and delivery models. The conference will include perspectives from leading innovators working to transform health and healthcare across India; policy implications and lessons learned from supporting healthcare social enterprises in India; approaches to advance impact investing to scale health innovations; and findings from a grant program supporting innovative health care products, technology, and delivery models.
Participants will include Krishna Udayakumar, director of the Duke Global Health Innovation Center and executive director of Innovations in Healthcare.
Health and the environment. The conference will provide insights about innovations in technologies to better understand the impact of environmental change on human health; and potential pathways forward to address health and the environment.
Speakers and Participants will include faculty from Medicine, the Sanford School for Public Policy, the Pratt School of Engineering, the Global Health Institute, the Margolis Center for Health Innovations, and other constituents at Duke.
Speakers will include faculty from Duke Health, the Sanford School of Public Policy, the Pratt School of Engineering, the Global Health Institute, the Global Health Innovation Centre, the Margolis Center for Health Policy, and other constituents from Duke, as well as experts and partners in India
Director, Duke Global Health Institute
Professor of Medicine and Global Health (Medicine/Infectious Diseases)
An acclaimed scientist and malariologist, Christopher Plowe, MD, MPH, F.A.S.T.M.H., is recognized internationally for his groundbreaking work on the molecular epidemiology of drug-resistant and "vaccine-resistant" malaria.
Prior to coming to DGHI in 2018, Dr. Plowe was the Frank M. Calia, MD Professor of Medicine and founding director of the Institute for Global Health at the University of Maryland. His malaria research group at the University of Maryland oversaw research in Africa, where he helped establish field research sites in Mali and Malawi, and in Asia, where he is a frequent traveler to new field sites in Myanmar.
While much of today's research on malaria focuses on developing new drugs or vaccines that might save lives in the future, Dr. Plowe's strategy aims to save lives right now by developing new tools to help countries eliminate malaria. His team is using molecular and genomics approaches to track the emergence and spread of drug resistance and to map the "silent reservoir" of malaria parasites responsible for transmission of new infections. He is also working to develop a vaccine that will be effective against genetically diverse malaria parasites that have shown the ability to escape the effects of first generation malaria vaccines.
Dr. Plowe received his MD degree from Cornell University Medical College and his MPH at the Columbia University School of Public Health. He completed his residency at St. Luke's Hospital in and his clinical infectious diseases fellowship at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.
Gangadhar P. Shukla is Professor of the Practice of Public Policy at the Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, and Director of the Program on Tax Analysis and Revenue Forecasting (TARF), Budgeting and Financial Management and Monitoring and Evaluation in the public sector. Previously, he was a lecturer and a Development Fellow at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and an Associate at the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID). Shukla teaches public finance, budgeting, tax policy and tax administration at Duke. While at Harvard, he taught courses at the Kennedy School and in the Economic Department, directed the Program on Tax Analysis and Revenue Forecasting, and provided technical assistance to over a dozen countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Transitional Economies on tax policy and project evaluation. He previously served the government of India for twenty years in a variety of local, state and central government executive positions – with considerable practical experience in local government finance, urban development, public sector management, financial management, budgeting, and revenue and expenditure analysis. Shukla has a Ph.D. in Political Economy and Government from Harvard University.
Gavin Yamey MD, MPH, MA is the Director of the Center for Policy Impact in Global Health based in DGHI. The Center is an innovative policy lab that addresses critical challenges in financing and delivering global health.
He trained in clinical medicine at Oxford University and University College London, medical journalism and editing at the BMJ and public health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He was Deputy Editor of the Western Journal of Medicine, Assistant Editor at the BMJ, a founding Senior Editor of PLOS Medicine, and the Principal Investigator on a $1.1 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to support the launch of PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. In 2009, he was awarded a Kaiser Family Mini-Media Fellowship in Global Health Reporting to examine the barriers to scaling up low cost, low tech health tools in Sudan, Uganda and Kenya.
Before joining Duke, Dr. Yamey led the Evidence-to-Policy Initiative in the Global Health Group at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and was an Associate Professor of Epidemiology & Biostatistics at the UCSF School of Medicine.
Prof. K. Srinath Reddyis the President of Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI)- an autonomous foundation engaged in capacity building in Public Health in India through education, training, research, policy development, health communication and advocacy. He formerly headed the Department of Cardiology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). He was appointed as the First Bernard Lown Visiting Professor of Cardiovascular Health at the Harvard School of Public Health in (2009-13) and presently serves as an Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology at Harvard (2014-2023). He is also an Adjunct Professor of the Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University and Honorary Professor of Medicine at the University of Sydney. He was also appointed as Advisor on Health to the Government of Odisha, with the rank of a Cabinet Minister in 2017.
Widely regarded as a leader of preventive cardiology at national and international levels, Prof. Reddy has been a researcher, teacher, policy enabler, advocate and activist who has worked to promote cardiovascular health, tobacco control, appropriate nutrition across the life course, chronic disease prevention and healthy living across the lifespan. He edited the National Medical Journal of India for 10 years and is on editorial board of several international and national journals. He has more than 490 scientific publications in international and Indian peer reviewed-journals.
He has served on many WHO expert panels and has been the President of the World Heart Federation (2013-14). He recently chaired the High Level Expert Group on Universal Health Coverage, set up by the Planning Commission of India. His contributions to public health have been recognized through several awards and honours. He has also won prestigious literary awards such as the Global Peace Essay contest. He was awarded Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) conferred by University of Aberdeen, Scotland (2011), Dr. NTR Medical University (2011), University of Lausanne, Switzerland (2012), and University of Glasgow, Scotland (2013) and Doctor of Literature (Honoris Causa) conferred by the Jodhpur National University, India (2013) & Doctor of Science (Medicine), Honoris Causa, University of London, UK (2014).
Dr. Krishna Udayakumar is the founding Director of the Duke Global Health Innovation Center, focused on generating deeper evidence and support for the study, scaling, and adaptation of health innovations and policy reforms globally. He is also Executive Director of Innovations in Healthcare, a non-profit co-founded by Duke, McKinsey & Company, and the World Economic Forum, leading the organization’s work to curate and scale the impact of transformative health solutions globally.
At Duke University, Dr. Udayakumar holds the rank of Associate Professor of Global Health and Medicine, and is a core faculty member of the Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy. He is also Associate Professor at Duke-NUS Medical School Singapore. His work has been published in leading academic journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine, Health Affairs, and Academic Medicine.
Born in Bangalore, India, Dr. Udayakumar spent his childhood in Virginia, and is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Virginia, with a bachelor’s degree in interdisciplinary studies with distinction. He received both an MD and an MBA (with a concentration in Health Sector Management) from Duke University, where he was a Fuqua Scholar. Dr. Udayakumar completed his residency training in internal medicine at Duke and served as Assistant Chief Resident at the Durham VA Medical Center before joining the faculty of Duke University.
Lijing L. Yan, PhD, MPH, is the Head of Non-communicable Chronic Diseases (NCDs) Research at the Global Health Research Center since July 2014 and Director of Graduate Studies for the Master of Science in Global Health Program at Duke Kunshan University in China, and an Associate Research Professor at the Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University in the USA. Previously, she was the Deputy Director of the George Institute for Global Health at Peking University Health Science Center and Director of the China International Center for Chronic Disease Prevention, a large network of 5 international academic institutions and 7 Chinese institutions dedicated to combat NCDs in China. She is also an Honorary Associate at the Center for Healthy Aging and Development Studies, National School of Development, Peking University, Beijing, China and Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Australia and an Adjunct Associate Professor at the Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. She has a bachelor’s degree in Sociology from Peking University, a Master of Public Health degree in Epidemiology and a doctoral degree in Demography from the University of California, Berkeley. Her main areas of research are primary care and community-based chronic disease prevention and control (hypertension, stroke, heart disease, and diabetes in particular), healthy aging, health innovation and implementation science. She is the Principal Investigator or Co-Investigator on a number of US NIH and UK MRC-funded and China-funded research grants. She has published over 80 peer-reviewed scientific papers some of which in leading medical journals such as JAMA, the Lancet, and Circulation. She is the former secretary general of the China Consortium of Universities for Global Health and the elected member of the Chinese Global Health Society of the China Preventive Medicine Association. She also provides advices and consultancy to national and international organizations.
Prof. Manoj Mohanan is an Associate Professor at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy. He also has secondary appointments in the Department of Economics and the Global Health Institute at Duke. Prof Mohanan is an applied economist, focusing on health and development economics, with a background in medicine and public health. His research spans topics in applied microeconomics, focusing on health and development economics, as well as topics on health policy in developing countries in general. His research has contributed to development of standardized patients methodology to measure quality of care and documenting the know-do gap in quality of care delivered. In his earlier work, he studied causal effects of health shocks on economic outcomes. In addition to his work in India, Mohanan has also conducted research on health policies in Kenya, Rwanda, and China. As a co-founder of COHESIVE-India (Collaboration for Health System Improvement and Impact Evaluation in India), he has led large scale evaluations of policies and innovative programs in Gujarat (Chiranjeevi), Bihar (Telemedicine / Social Franchising), Uttar Pradesh (Social Accountability), and Karnataka (Thayi Bhagya). He has conducted large-scale randomized field experiments in the health sector in India to examine the effect of incentive contracts on healthcare performance and the effect of monitoring / accountability on child health outcomes. Mohanan’s current research examines how information within social networks influences participation in civic action in the context of community monitoring in the health sector. He also leads the evaluation of India’s cash transfers for maternal health (PMMVY) in Madhya Pradesh. At Sanford, Mohanan teaches core courses in microeconomics and empirical research methods, in addition to survey research methods and other applied topics. Prof Mohanan has a PhD degree from Harvard University.
Dr. Bergin is a Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at The Prat School of Engineering, Duke University. Dr. Bergin's research focus is on the influence of air pollution on both climate and human health. His specific interest is particulate matter (PM), and he has done a wide range of study on the emission, formation, deposition and impacts of PM. He is particularly interested in how PM impacts climate by modifying the radiation balance of the atmosphere and he has done studies in both pristine regions of the world (Greenland and the Himalaya), as well as hazy regions (the South-eastern US, China, and India).
More recently, Dr. Bergin has been studying the influence of PM on human health with emphasis on determining the relative contributions of sources (such as biomass burning and vehicular emissions) to acute health impacts. He is also involved in developing and deploying the next generation of air quality sensors to inform citizens on the quality of the air they are breathing so that they can make informed decisions to improve their air. His vision involves combining a multidisciplinary, multicultural approach to research and education that brings together researchers from around the world to collectively work together to make the air cleaner.
Dr. Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam is an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at IIT Madras and Director of the Healthcare Technology Innovation Centre (HTIC), an R&D centre of IIT Madras. After his PhD and postdoctoral training in US in medical devices for 8 years involving implantable devices for restoring biological functionality in blindness and paralysis, he returned to India with the goal of developing affordable medical technologies in the country. Since 2009, he has successfully built an ecosystem of technologists, clinicians and industry, culminating in setting up of Healthcare Technology Innovation Centre (HTIC) in 2011. HTIC has grown into a unique and leading med-tech innovation ecosystem in the country bringing together more than 30 medical institutions, industries, government agencies, collaborating with HTIC in developing affordable healthcare technologies and deploying them through industry and government partnerships.
Director, India Country Office,
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
In his role as director, India Country Office, Nachiket Mor oversees the foundation's efforts to improve family health, sanitation, financial inclusion, and agriculture in India. He and the foundation team based in New Delhi work closely with India's central and state governments, local and global nonprofits, community groups, researchers, and the private sector to help India achieve its health and development goals.
Nachiket Mor is a Yale World Fellow. He has a BS in Physics from the Mumbai University; a Post-Graduate Diploma in Management from the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad; and a PhD in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania, with a specialization in Finance from the Wharton School. He has interests in the fields of financial services and healthcare.
In healthcare, he was a member of the Planning Commission’s High-Level Expert Group on Universal Health Care, the Primary Care Task Force of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the Task Force on Global Health at the National Academy of Medicine in Washington DC, and the Health Commission for the State of Himachal Pradesh. He also helped create a new model for comprehensive primary care, pioneered by SughaVazhvu Healthcare in remote rural parts of Tamil Nadu and offers a seminar on Health Systems Design at the Chennai based Banyan Academy of Leadership in Mental Health.
In financial services, he has worked with ICICI for over two decades , and was a member of its Board of Directors with responsibilities for project finance, corporate banking, treasury, and rural banking. During this period, he was also board chair of the Fixed Income Money Market & Derivatives Association and helped launch the National Commodities and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX). He has served as the chair of the Governing Council of IFMR Trust and as a member of the Boards of the RBI, NABARD, CRISIL, and MUDRA. For the RBI, he has also chaired the Eastern Area Local Board, the Committee on Comprehensive Financial Services for Small Businesses and Low Income Households, and the Committee on the Licensing of Payment Banks.
Professor, Biomedical Engineering and Global Health
Director, Center for Global Women's Health Technologies
Dr. Ramanujam is the Robert W. Carr Professor of Biomedical Engineering, and also a faculty member in the Global Health Institute and Dept. Pharmacology and Cell Biology at Duke University. She is an innovator, educator and entrepreneur and her mission is to develop and leverage technology to have the most wide reaching impact in women’s health. She directs the center for Global Women’s Health Technologies (GWHT), a partnership between the Pratt School of Engineering and the Duke Global Health Institute. Through the GWHT, she is empowering her trainees at Duke and beyond to be agents of change - providing them with the knowledge, confidence and critical thinking skills to create impactful solutions to improve women’s lives.
Dr. Ramanujam’s research focuses on womens’ cancers and in particular breast and cervical cancer. Her goals are to design innovations that enable complex referral services often reserved for hospitals to be accessible at the community/primary care level, develop technologies to see and treat women with early stage disease in one visit and to develop tools that will make cancer treatment more effective and efficient. One example of a technology she and her team has developed to achieve health care impact is the Pocket Colposcope. The Pocket colposcope has the potential to revolutionize cervical cancer screening in low resource communities by enhancing the effectiveness and scalability of the screening process, reducing loss to follow up and guiding treatment decisions.
Women around the world are disproportionately impacted by health, educational and economic inequities. Thus, much of Dr. Ramanujam’s work has a global reach. Countries she and her team have worked in include India, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Peru, Honduras, Guatemala, Haiti and the U.S. These interactions have resulted in a community that is growing exponentially and has an international reach across a number of different sectors including academia, industry, non-governmental organizations and the government.
Ronak Sutaria is an Industry Partner to IIT Kanpur, along-with other research PIs from IIT Bombay, IISc Bangalore & Duke University on a 5-year DST-Intel funded project, administered by IUSSTF on "Realtime Air Quality Monitoring" called SATVAM (Streaming Analytics over Temporal Variables for Air quality Monitoring).” He has over 16 yrs of technology architecture, research & solution development experience & is currently the Co-founder & Director of Mumbai based Respirer Living Sciences Pvt. Ltd. which, as part of its UrbanSciences initiative, has developed the “Atmos - Realtime Air Quality Network”. Atmos is India’s first peer-reviewed & scientifically validated Realtime Sensor-based Air Quality Monitoring Network. The network at present has over 200 Realtime PM2.5 monitors deployed in 25 cities of India. Prior to this, he successfully led a team at an award winning governance & policy research foundation in Mumbai where he launched a data journalism focused air quality monitoring network called #Breathe. The project won the mBillionth 2016 award in the environment category and an honourable mention in the Data Journalism Award 2016 in the Open data category. Ronak started his career in Sept 2001 at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) working on sponsored network security projects. He has worked for 5 years in Silicon Valley, California in a funded startup working on cryptographic solutions for Visa & MasterCard. He is also at present a PhD Researcher at IIT Bombay focusing on Urban Policy issues using Big Data Analytics & Wireless Sensor Networks. He has a Bachelor of Engineering & Master of Science degrees in Computer Science.
Sachchida (Sachi) Nand Tripathi currently holds Senior Professor position in Civil Engineering Department and also associated with Centre of Environmental Science and Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He had his Ph. D. from Reading University and post-docs at Bhabha Atomic Research Center and Oxford University. He obtained his B. Tech. in Civil Engineering from IIT-BHU (Formerly IT-BHU).
He has been a Senior Fellow at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. SachchidaNand Tripathi has been awarded NASI-SCOPUS young scientist award 2009 in Earth Sciences, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award 2014 in Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean and Planetary Sciences (highest in science given by Government of India) and is an elected fellow of Indian National Academy of Engineering and The National Academy of Sciences India. He is also Distinguished Alumnus of Banaras Hindu University. He has visiting Professor assignments to many universities including University of Tokyo (Japan), Orleans University (France) and Georgia Institute of Technology (USA). He is the Principal Investigator of National Aerosol Facility at IITK the first in country and indeed in academic institutions in Asia which will help quantify the aerosol source term simulators of 'Severe Reactor Accident Scenario' and their impact on the environment.
Suneeta Krishan is the Country Lead- Measurement, Learning and Evaluation at Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. She is a social epidemiologist with 20 years of experience conducting research and engaging policymakers on the promotion of health and social equity, with a focus on India. Drawing on the frameworks and tools of social epidemiology, biostatistics and medical anthropology, she has studied the pathways through which poverty, gender and other social inequities lead to adverse health outcomes such as unintended pregnancies, HIV/AIDS, and noncommunicable diseases. She has developed and tested novel interventions to promote health and social equity. Suneeta has also actively engaged with national and state governments and non-governmental actors on the translation of evidence into policies and programs. She served as country director of Research Triangle Institute's Indian subsidiary and has held faculty positions at the University of California San Francisco and Berkeley, the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, the St. John’s Research Institute, Bangalore and the James P Grant School of Public Health in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and has been a member of the Gender and Rights Advisory Panel of the World Health Organization Department of Reproductive Health and Research. Since 2016, she has been at the Gates Foundation’s India Country Office where she now leads the Measurement, Learning and Evaluation team. Suneeta is a graduate of Barnard College and received her doctoral degree from the University of California, Berkeley. She is a recipient of the 2004 U.S. Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.